A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted. When blood flow is cut off to the brain, the affected tissue in the brain is starved of oxygen. As a result, brain cells can begin to die. The long-term effects of a stroke depend on the severity and type of stroke a person suffers. At Med Group NJ, we are dedicated to providing patients with prevention information and treatment for stroke in New Jersey.
There are three different types of strokes that can occur.
This type of stroke accounts for approximately 87% of all strokes suffered. An ischemic stroke occurs when the blood flow through an artery that supplies a portion of the brain with blood becomes blocked. Blood clots are often the cause of blockages.
Stroke treatment typically begins with medication that dissolves clots. Aspirin is a common medication for this, but, it must be injected within 4.5 hours of symptoms beginning. In emergencies, a catheter may be used to physically remove the clot.
A hemorrhagic stroke happens when an artery in the brain bursts, causing leaked blood to place pressure on brain cells, which can cause damage to them. Most commonly, the burst artery will flood the surrounding tissue with blood, but in rare cases, bleeding can occur inside of the brain under the thin tissue that covers it.
Treatment begins with medication that is meant to reduce pressure in the brain. Surgery may be used to close the source of an aneurysm.
Often called a “mini-stroke,” a TIA only blocks blood flow to the brain for less than five minutes. There’s no way to tell the difference between a TIA and a major stroke while it is occurring. A TIA is a warning sign for future major strokes.
If stroke symptoms are observed, medical attention should be sought immediately.
A quick test to check for stroke symptoms can be remembered with the acronym “BEFAST”:
The best way to prevent a stroke is simply by living a healthy lifestyle. Diet and exercise are key. Additional steps you can take to reduce your risk of stroke include:
Rehabilitation will begin as soon as possible following a stroke. Once the patient is stable in the hospital, therapy will begin. After the patient is released from the hospital, the rehabilitation process will continue. The goal of the process is to restore as much physical and cognitive function as possible. Some options for rehabilitation include:
Count on the experts at Med Group NJ to provide you with treatment for stroke in New Jersey. Our specialists are passionate about cardiology and are dedicated to helping you understand the state of your heart and providing you with a diagnosis and treatment. Contact us today to schedule your appointment.